FANTASY AND SYMBOLIC GAME DEVELOPMENT

FANTASY AND SYMBOLIC GAME DEVELOPMENT

Through “make-believe”, children construct the real world, create affective bonds, learn the rules of social play and insert themselves in society.

In the first years of life, the child acquires a mental image of the things he perceives in the world. With each image, it associates signs or symbols that come to represent it and allows it to develop the ability to evoke objects or people who are absent. Fantasy and symbolic play help the child assimilate reality in a playful way.

The symbolic capacity of the child manifests itself through play, imitation, drawing and language. Their activities, games and unblocked games are a manifestation of this.

FANTASY AND SYMBOLIC GAME

Fantasy and symbolic play, the ability to play make-believe allow the child to recreate familiar surroundings (the dollhouse is a classic example in children’s play), to imitate the world of adults (to play to doctors, firefighters, police and thieves) and to relive situations of their daily life (cooking, going to the playground).

FANTASY AND SYMBOLIC GAME BETWEEN 2 AND 4 YEARS

Between two and four years of age, the child lives in a world in which everything that is perceived is accepted as real. The costumed image overlaps with reality, as in a fairy tale.

Characters imagined or seen in cartoons are confused with reality and so, for example, believe in Santa Claus and is convinced that the characters you see exist beyond the television screen or the tablet.

The child lives in a truly fantastic world in which logic does not exist. Fantasies and masks allow you to embody your favorite characters and live in full their adventures, anguishes and achievements. Some children take this fantasy world even further, and create imaginary friends with whom they play and coexist.

The child of 2 – 3 years is still very individualistic and deals very poorly with the invasion of their space by other children. Relationship with other children can be tricky. Your great sense of possession and difficulty in sharing toys, for example, causes you to react with crying or aggression when you are withdrawn.

 

This means that even children with siblings close to age or who live with other children, choose to play alone, isolated, immersed in their wonderful fantasy worlds. Although this behavior worries some parents, this “selfishness” is normal since the time of cooperation and companionship is still far away.

FANTASY AND SYMBOLIC GAME BETWEEN 4 AND 5 YEARS

From the age of 4, the child develops a more realistic view of the world around him and becomes more tolerant of the presence of other children. He begins to understand the rules of social play and to realize that his actions have consequences for himself and for others. At the same time, you develop a more secure awareness of who you are and your individuality.

At age 4, the child has his “best friends” group that he values very much. Friendship is now of great importance. Increasingly aware of the differences between them and each other, this is the ideal age to teach tolerance to difference.

By age 5, play is becoming more cooperative, and children get the taste of playing with other children, creating their own rules for group activities. At the same time, the development of language and motor skills and communication lead children to new games.

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